Share this entry

Share this page

choler

Line breaks: choler
Pronunciation: /ˈkɒlə
 
/

Definition of choler in English:

noun

[mass noun]
1(In medieval science and medicine) one of the four bodily humours, identified with bile and believed to be associated with a peevish or irascible temperament. Also called yellow bile.
Example sentences
  • There are also four elements: fire, earth, air and water; and four humors - choler or yellow bile, melancholer or black bile, blood and phlegm.
  • While ministers talked of ‘demonic possession,’ doctors attributed mental illnesses to an imbalance of the four bodily ‘humors’: blood, phlegm, choler, and black bile.
  • The humoral theory, on the other hand, viewed disease as an imbalance among the body's four basic principles: blood (the sanguine, or wet-hot, humor), phlegm (sluggish, or wet-cold), choler (dry-hot), and melancholy (dry-cold).
1.1 archaic Anger or irascibility.
Example sentences
  • The big head, bright eyes, and steely mouth suggest brains, pride, and choler.
  • When he says that hops purges choler, he doesn't mean in the same way as scammony does because scammony could kill you if given in excessive doses but hops will probably just put you to sleep.

Origin

late Middle English (also denoting diarrhoea): from Old French colere 'bile, anger', from Latin cholera 'diarrhoea' (from Greek kholera), which in late Latin acquired the senses 'bile or anger', from Greek kholē 'bile'.

Definition of choler in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day ingratiate
Pronunciation: ɪnˈɡreɪʃɪeɪt
verb
bring oneself into favour with someone through flattery…