Share this entry

Share this page

cholera

Line breaks: chol|era
Pronunciation: /ˈkɒlərə
 
/

Definition of cholera in English:

noun

[mass noun]
An infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, typically contracted from infected water supplies and causing severe vomiting and diarrhoea.
Example sentences
  • Many of these regions also suffer from epidemics of other infectious diseases such as cholera and malaria.
  • Vibrio vulnificus is a bacterium in the same family as those that cause cholera.
  • Pasteur went on to discover vaccinations for chicken pox, cholera, diphtheria, anthrax and rabies.

Origin

late Middle English (originally denoting bile and later applied to various ailments involving vomiting and diarrhoea): from Latin (see choler). The current sense dates from the early 19th century.

More
  • melancholy from (Middle English):

    According to the medieval theory of the four humours ( see humour), melancholy or black bile caused depression. The word goes back to Greek melankholia, from melas ‘black’ (source of mid 19th-century melanin and melanoma) and kholē ‘bile’ (source of cholera (Late Middle English), choleric (Middle English), and cholesterol (late 19th century)). Today it tends to refer to a pensive or moody sadness rather than deep depression.

Words that rhyme with cholera

cellarer

Definition of cholera in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day cumbersome
Pronunciation: ˈkʌmbəs(ə)m
adjective
large or heavy and therefore difficult to carry…