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choliamb

Line breaks: cho¦li|amb
Pronunciation: /ˈkəʊlɪam(b)
 
/

Definition of choliamb in English:

noun

Prosody
Another term for scazon.
Example sentences
  • Herondas too, the author of mimes written in choliambs (‘limping iambics’), a metre typical of the archaic iambist Hipponax, dedicates an apologetic-programmatic poem, Mimiambus 8, to the defence of his poetics.
  • Therefore, from the viewpoint of semantics, verse metre turns out to be even more relevant than genre – choliamb and iambic trimeter are both the metres of satirical verses, but their semantic structures are very different.
  • Hipponax (mid-6th century) is said to have invented the choliamb, or ‘limping iamb’.

Origin

mid 19th century: via late Latin from Greek khōliambos, from khōlos 'lame' + iambos (see iambus).

Derivatives

choliambic

1
Pronunciation: /ˌkəʊlɪˈambɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Chief among these are phalaecean (also known as hendecasyllabics), which he employs in some forty poems, followed numerically by choliambic (which also bears the title scazon), the meter of eight poems.
  • In later years, his northern students shared with their southern compatriots admiration for his soldierly valor, of which they were continually reminded, as one of them wrote, ‘by the choliambic [limping] rhythm in his majestic gait.’
  • Indeed he invented an earthbound metre for the purpose, the choliambic or limping iambic, also known as scazon.

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