Definition of cinchona in English:
1An evergreen South American tree or shrub with fragrant flowers, cultivated for its bark.
- Genus Cinchona, family Rubiaceae: several species
- Malaria victims were treated with quinine, an extract from the bark of the cinchona tree.
- In 1735, Joseph de Jussieu, a French botanist, collected detailed information about the cinchona trees.
- And for those unfamiliar with the Peruvian national emblem, it depicts a vicuna, a horn of plenty and a cinchona tree.
1.1 [mass noun] The dried bark of the cinchona, which is a source of quinine and other medicinal substances.
- Hahnemann carried out tests on himself with extracts of cinchona bark, which contains quinine, and found it caused fever.
- Homeopathy was developed in the 18th century by Dr Samuel Hahnemann after he discovered that small amounts of cinchona bark, the treatment for malaria, caused malaria-like fevers when he took it while healthy.
- Quinine is derived from cinchona bark, and mixed with lime.
mid 18th century: modern Latin, named after the Countess of Chinchón (died 1641), who was treated with a similar drug in South America.
Definition of cinchona in:
- US English dictionary
What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?
Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.
Most popular in the US
Most popular in the UK
Most popular in Australia
Most popular in Malaysia
Most popular in India