Definition of circulation in English:

circulation

Line breaks: cir¦cu|la¦tion
Pronunciation: /səːkjʊˈleɪʃ(ə)n
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
  • 1Movement to and fro or around something, especially that of fluid in a closed system: an extra pump for good water circulation
    More example sentences
    • If any aspect of city life offers an opportunity for ‘reading the city’, it is the systems of movement and circulation which constitute urban transport.
    • What could have caused deep waters to form in the low latitudes and so markedly disrupt the usual system of deep water circulation?
    • Under the newly funded project, scientists have designed a system for monitoring coastal circulation and movement of distinct water types.
    Synonyms
    flow, motion, movement, course, passage
  • 1.1The continuous motion by which the blood travels through all parts of the body under the action of the heart: three 20-minute sessions a week which make you breathe a bit harder can improve circulation
    More example sentences
    • Fluid and proteins leak out of the blood vessels during blood circulation in the body.
    • Physically, it is thought to improve circulation and stimulate red blood cells.
    • This improves circulation, relieves pain, and relaxes tension in the muscles.
  • 1.2The movement of sap through a plant.
  • 2The public availability or knowledge of something: his music has achieved wide circulation
    More example sentences
    • Academic science depends on the public circulation of knowledge and research.
    • The province is halting the production of any new books-on-tape for public circulation, while existing material is still available libraries.
    • I believe he has undermined the participatory principle of democracy in calling for the draft gender policy to be withdrawn from public circulation.
    Synonyms
  • 2.1The movement, exchange, or availability of money in a country: the new-look coins go into circulation today
    More example sentences
    • That's just a small amount of extra money that came into circulation.
    • This money would re-enter into circulation as financial institutions invest it in other capitalistic ventures.
    • The gang plotted to put drugs money into normal circulation through betting.
  • 2.2 [in singular] The number of copies sold of a newspaper or magazine: the magazine had a large circulation
    More example sentences
    • Newspaper circulations everywhere have been falling for decades.
    • But now the three newspapers with the highest circulations in the country are USA Today, The New York Times, and The Wall Street Journal, all publications that are distributed nationally.
    • Magazine circulations are either static, growing for some newer titles, or slowly sliding.
    Synonyms
    distribution, readership; sales figures

Phrases

in (or out of) circulation

Available (or unavailable) to the public: there is a huge volume of video material in circulation
More example sentences
  • In normal circumstances, the amount of money in circulation should have gone up by about £400m since this time last year.
  • Tickets are now in circulation and are available from any committee member.
  • The scheme has taken more money out of circulation than I expected.
Synonyms
around, about, in existence, current, going on, prevailing, prevalent, widespread, pervasive, endemic, happening, in the air, abroad
(Of a person) seen (or not seen) in public: Anne had made a good recovery and was back in circulation
More example sentences
  • The convicted smuggler reveals this was one of a number of ‘sting’ operations arranged with the authorities, some of which conveniently took rival gangsters out of circulation.
  • The councillor said the drop in crime figures was down to the fact that some people had been taken out of circulation for the past six months.
  • Habitual teenage criminals are sent straight back home to continue terrorising their districts rather than being taken out of circulation.

Origin

late Middle English (denoting continuous distillation of a liquid): from Latin circulatio(n-), from the verb circulare (see circulate).

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