A lute-like medieval stringed instrument, forerunner of the cittern.
- The proliferation of bagpipes suggests that drone accompaniment was popular, as does the depiction of fiddle and citole players plucking their lowest string with the left thumb while using a bow or plectrum in the other hand.
- There is definite documentary evidence that both the citole and the gittern were normally strung in gut.
- The citole is the medieval guitar, known only from pictures in manuscripts and statues on churches.
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