Definition of clone in English:

clone

Line breaks: clone
Pronunciation: /kləʊn
 
/

noun

1 Biology An organism or cell, or group of organisms or cells, produced asexually from one ancestor or stock, to which they are genetically identical: vines representing all the 15 existing clones were planted
More example sentences
  • Only full-length genomic and cDNA clones, including genes with in-frame stop codons, were analyzed.
  • Moreover, three longer genomic DNA clones were identified during screening of a fosmid C2 - Idf library.
  • Molecular markers derived from cDNA and genomic DNA clones were from the tomato high-density linkage map.
1.1A person or thing regarded as an exact copy of another: guitarists who are labelled Hendrix clones
More example sentences
  • But then, when this particular bunch of Delhi youngsters decided to take it on, they perhaps knew only too well that copying the clones doesn't come easy.
  • If you are a human being who lives on Earth, you have probably been exposed to other humans beings who are not your exact clones.
  • All day long, she had been dealing with the clones, the carbon copy popular masses.
1.2A computer designed to simulate exactly the operation of another, typically more expensive, model: an IBM PC clone
More example sentences
  • Taiwanese computer maker Elitegroup is to grow its family of Palm clones with three more models.
  • Everyone knows that the majority of Activision's extreme sports titles are basically Tony Hawk's Pro Skater clones designed to look like other sports.
  • Even Samba is just a Unix clone of a Windows client.
2 informal (Within gay culture) a homosexual man who adopts an exaggeratedly macho appearance and style of dress.
More example sentences
  • According to Levine, the gay clone was the product of traditional masculinity and the self-fulfillment ethic.
  • The bar culture changed in the 1970s and the macho gay clone emerged.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Propagate (an organism or cell) as a clone: of the hundreds of new plants cloned the best ones are selected
More example sentences
  • The big news in science this week has been the Monash University research into cloning stem cells for use in repairing damaged nerves.
  • Who could argue that the money and brain power devoted to cloning stem cells could not be better used on something else?
  • Suppose in the future effective treatments for heart disease are developed using cloned stem cells.
1.1Make an identical copy of: developers are planning to clone a historic Liverpool terrace
More example sentences
  • Machines can be cloned simply by copying these resource files.
  • He now had cloned organs, perfect copies of the originals, but still carried the scars from his loss.
  • Well, Antinori is widely-tipped to become the first person in history to clone a human being.
1.2 Biochemistry Replicate (a fragment of DNA placed in an organism) so that there is sufficient to analyse or use in protein production: we have cloned DNA sequences added to the ends of the linear plasmid
More example sentences
  • The fragments were cloned and DNA sequencing demonstrated that they actually corresponded to cDNA with proper intron splicing.
  • The amplified fragments were cloned and sequenced.
  • This fragment was cloned and sequenced to verify its integrity.
1.3Illegally copy the security codes from (a mobile phone) to one or more others as a way of obtaining free calls.
More example sentences
  • Hackers can clone mobile phone SIM cards in minutes, and make calls at their victims' expense.
  • Imei can be used to clone illegal copies of a compromised phone and force the victim to pay phone changes he or she didn't incur.
  • Also seized from the residence were over 150 cellular phones and several computer systems with extensive documentation on cloning cellular phones and computer hardware.

Origin

early 20th century: from Greek klōn 'twig'.

Derivatives

clonal

adjective
More example sentences
  • Selective clonal and rigorous vineyard selection along with modern winemaking techniques have given the region a new lease of life.
  • We instead focused on the frequency of clonal reproduction in F. grandifolia in cove forests and beech gap forests.
  • In general, it seems unlikely that negative clonal selection against mutator clones is a significant effect.

clonality

noun
More example sentences
  • The fourth case failed to demonstrate clonality by flow cytometry and PCR owing to a lack of viable cells and lack of amplification, respectively.
  • Before discussing this topic, it is worth pointing out again that clonality, with or without fission, is a pervasive aspect of cnidarian life cycles.
  • Finally, we must address the fact that Greenbriar, a site that has not yet been infected by disease, exhibits some limited amount of clonality.

cloner

noun
More example sentences
  • The cloners were able to use only 10 per cent of the numbers, pocketing £2m for the gang.
  • The discovery is very important, said Dr Duane Kraemer, a successful cloner of non-primates at Texas A & M University.
  • The only cost involved was that of the initial cloner's real gold bar, which he could then duplicate hundreds of times over anyway.

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