- 1A combustible black or dark brown rock consisting chiefly of carbonized plant matter, found mainly in underground seams and used as fuel: two bags of coal [as modifier]: a coal fireMore example sentences
- Thus, an industrially valuable coal seam requires special conditions to accumulate.
- Surface mining began in the United States in the late eighteenth century, when farmers and others dug coal from exposed coal seams on hillsides and stream banks.
- The breathing of coal and rock dust causes black lung, the common name given to the lung diseases pneumoconiosis and silicosis.
- 1.1 [count noun] British A piece of coal: men were loading coals into a wagonMore example sentences
- The house was so named by its owner, whose granddaughter left the interest of her meagre savings of £50 to be spent on giving coals to the poor.
- They were seated at the long table, and serving men were heaping coals upon the fire, and carrying bronze ewers about.
- Abraham bade Yitsak carry the wood for the sacrifice, and he himself carried a knife and the coals for starting the fire.
- 1.2 [count noun] A red-hot piece of coal or other material in a fire: the glowing coalsMore example sentences
- Finally, his neck stiff from looking up, the Professor returned to studying the glowing coals of the fire.
- After crossing the smoking bed of glowing coals, the fire walkers put their feet into a small side pit filled with milk.
- A dying fire burned nearby, its coals still glowing crimson.
verb[with object] Back to top
- 1Provide with a supply of coal: (as noun coaling) the coaling and watering of the engineMore example sentences
- After coupling to the coach, No. 823 was coaled manually and then had to reverse down the shed road to be oiled and greased for the return journey.
- It was shown in 1960 at Lambton shop track, with contractor's employee about to coal her up.
- Details range from swimming instruction for boy seaman recruits at HMS Ganges to how Naval vessels were coaled.
- 1.1 [no object] Mine or extract coal: we have now finished coaling at the siteMore example sentences
- Nowadays coaling mining is merely a distant faded memory in most minds and of course the young cannot remember anything of the industry that once dominated the area.
coals to Newcastle
- Something supplied to a place where it is already plentiful.More example sentences
- Although it might sound a bit like selling coals to Newcastle, exporting daffodils to Holland is exactly what bulb growers in Britain are now doing.
- It takes a certain kind of cheek for a Russian opera company to bring Carmen to Paris - the operatic equivalent of coals to Newcastle.
- It smacks of taking coals to Newcastle but the Forestry Commission hopes it is on to a money spinner by sending wood to Scandinavia.
haul someone over the coals
- British Reprimand someone severely: bank chiefs are to be hauled over the coals by the ChancellorMore example sentences
- I would hope Bertie has hauled him over the coals and, if he hasn't, it shouldn't be too late even now for him to do so.
- Yesterday the Assistant Speaker spent a lot of time in the House hauling me over the coals for apparently using unparliamentary language.
- Having been hauled over the coals by both the media and the Treasury Select Committee for its disastrous investment policy, he is now determined to rebuild the firm's reputation.
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- This facies comprises interlaminated to interbedded, dark grey to black carbonaceous claystone and coaly stringers that often grade vertically and laterally into economically exploitable coal seams.
- If coaly or oily material is present in samples the DMSO may become very dark, but this does not appear to affect its effectiveness when re-used.
- A repeating sequence of fining-upward sediments commonly capped by coaly layers is indicative of fluvial sediments.
Old English col (in the senses 'glowing ember' and 'charred remnant'), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch kool and German Kohle. The sense 'combustible mineral used as fuel' dates from Middle English.