Definition of cognomen in English:
1An extra personal name given to an ancient Roman citizen, functioning rather like a nickname and typically passed down from father to son, for example Marcus Tullius Cicero. Compare with nomen, praenomen, agnomen.
- A grateful Senate voted him the cognomen Augustus, by which name he is generally known in the history books.
- Scipio received the cognomen Africanus and returned to Rome to celebrate a triumph.
- ‘The name ‘Caesar’ is a cognomen, a nickname given to one member of a Roman clan and borne by his descendants as a kind of surname.
1.1A name or nickname.
- With the cant of abolitionism well amplified, Missourians took up the cognomen of Southerners more widely, yet still largely as a defense of the peculiar institution.
- One of the new owners bears the cognomen of Mark and, as many people know, the Thai phrase that sounds a lot like ‘mark, mark’ means ‘much’ or ‘a lot of’.
- The first revolver bearing the cognomen LadySmith was the Model M Hand Ejector of 1902.
Latin, from co- 'together with' + gnomen, nomen 'name'.
Definition of cognomen in:
- US English dictionary