Definition of commission in English:

commission

Line breaks: com¦mis|sion
Pronunciation: /kəˈmɪʃ(ə)n
 
/

noun

1An instruction, command, or role given to a person or group: one of his first commissions was to redesign the Great Exhibition building [with infinitive]: he received a commission to act as an informer
More example sentences
  • I may not have realised all the dreams and hopes I had in my youthful idealism, but I have Jesus and his commands and his commissions.
  • Unfortunately, he got drunk after receiving the sacred instruments of his commission and fell asleep by the roadside.
  • Before Murdoch sailed, Fisher, now the Australian prime minister, gave him an official commission to report on the progress of the Gallipoli campaign.
Synonyms
task, employment, job, work, piece of work, project, mission, assignment, undertaking, exercise, enterprise, endeavour, solution; duty, charge, responsibility, burden
dated office
1.1An order for something, especially a work of art, to be produced specially: Mozart at last received a commission to write an opera
More example sentences
  • He moved to Paris in 1767, and after a couple of years had become so popular that he received regular commissions to write two or three operas a year for various theatres.
  • Equipped with an English degree and a dossier of poetry, she used to move in circles with short-story writers and poets until she stumbled on a commission to write her first play.
  • For her premiere commission, she ‘wrote what I knew about’, her experience of working in inner-city primary schools.
1.2A work produced in response to a commission: in that year Zeuxis painted his most famous commission
More example sentences
  • The foundry was also responsible for many local commissions, including York's first gas lamps and the railings for St Leonard's Place.
  • The renowned sculptor Bob Allen, famous for commissions at Canary Wharf and of the late Queen Mother, will launch the event on Saturday with a private preview.
  • Later he worked as composer-in-residence at Glasgow's Tron Theatre, an invaluable experience as far as his later film commissions were concerned.
1.3 [mass noun] archaic The authority to perform a task or certain duties: the divine Commission of Christ
More example sentences
  • The active duty officer has a solemn professional responsibility based on his oath of office and commission for the official tasks he undertakes.
  • It is essential that we start this project with clearly defined commission.
  • What we also found was that at the same time Mr Smith was in the employ and commission of the fishery company.
Synonyms
warrant, licence, sanction, authority
2A group of people entrusted by a government or other official body with authority to do something: a commission was appointed to investigate allegations of police violence
More example sentences
  • The commission, the inspection body for the health service, has undertaken only 15 such reviews nationally in nearly four years - none previously in Yorkshire.
  • Minority community representatives should be included in all government-appointed educational bodies and commissions.
  • The commission has the authority to summon anyone, including state officials without the approval of the president.
Synonyms
committee, board, board of commissioners, council, panel, directorate, advisory body, advisorate, convocation, delegation
3A sum, typically a set percentage of the value involved, paid to an agent in a commercial transaction: foreign banks may charge a commission he sold cosmetics on commission
More example sentences
  • If they sell on, a South African agent will charge a commission of 7 per cent.
  • There is a commission charge of 1 per cent of value on each ATM transaction.
  • Customers should not pay more than a 5 per cent charge on all pension contributions on a commission basis.
Synonyms
percentage, brokerage, share, portion, dividend, premium, fee, consideration, bonus, gratuity, tip, honorarium
informal cut, take, whack, rake-off, slice, slice of the cake, piece of the action
British informal divvy
rare apportionment, quantum, moiety
4A warrant conferring the rank of officer in an army, navy, or air force: he has resigned his commission she intended to apply for a commission in the army
More example sentences
  • I resigned my commission and joined the Army National Guard after retiring from a career in finance.
  • He went from being a lieutenant in the Soviet ‘Red’ Army to earning a commission in the U.S. Air Force, and has never looked back.
  • In 1969, he applied for Officer Candidate School and earned a commission as an Infantry officer.
5 [mass noun] The action of committing a crime or offence: the commission of an arrestable offence the errors are of omission rather than commission
More example sentences
  • The suspension was prompted by what the SCPO saw as a risk of presumed future commission of criminal offences.
  • The Apex Court accepted the contention of the petitioners that mens rea is necessary for commission of offences under these Sections.
  • Furthermore, the evidence relates to the actual commission of the offence, rather than to an admission to an already completed offence.
Synonyms

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Order or authorize the production of (something): the portrait was commissioned by his widow in 1792
More example sentences
  • In the USA, a new US $5million production line was commissioned at the New Century Kansas facility.
  • After a fruitless one-year search, I commissioned the design and production of smile pins.
  • The sculpture was commissioned by O'Connor, formerly of North Cork and now resident in the UK.
Synonyms
order, put in an order for, place an order for, contract for, pay for; authorize
rare bespeak
1.1 [with object and infinitive] Order or authorize (a person or organization) to do or produce something: they commissioned an architect to manage the building project he was commissioned to do a series of drawings
More example sentences
  • The Heytesbury Village Hall Development Group commissioned Michael Fowler architects to design the hall and nine houses.
  • Miller commissioned the architect John Kinross to refurbish and extend his home in a manner appropriate to a member of the Edwardian nouveau riche.
  • The former MP had commissioned William Chambers, George III's architectural tutor, and Capability Brown to rebuild his estate, Milton Abbey.
Synonyms
engage, contract, charge, employ, hire, recruit, retain, appoint, enlist, co-opt, book, sign up; authorize, empower; Militarydetail
2Bring (something newly produced) into working condition: we had a few hiccups getting the heating equipment commissioned the aircraft carrier was commissioned in 1945
More example sentences
  • The other approach, he says, is to determine what systems or equipment should be fully commissioned based on the impact a failure can have on an organization and its reliability needs.
  • Before the new equipment at Slade Lane is commissioned at Christmas, there will be more weekend closures later in the year to finish it, meaning further disruption.
  • I accept the submission that a contributing factor to the need for extra training was the delay by the contractor in having all the equipment in place, commissioned and operating on time.
3Appoint (someone) to the rank of officer in an army, navy, or air force: he was commissioned into the Royal Fusiliers (as adjective commissioned) a commissioned officer
More example sentences
  • He was commissioned into the US army just in time to see action in the final battles of the Mexican war.
  • Brooke's poems were published in 1911, and after a year wandering in the North America and the South Seas, he was commissioned into the Royal Navy.
  • In 1968, he was commissioned as an Infantry officer through ROTC after graduation from the University of Florida.

Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin commissio(n-), from committere 'entrust' (see commit).

Phrases

in commission

In use or in service: a reduced number of ships were retained in commission
More example sentences
  • While the Royal Yacht Britannia was in commission, Patricia was the only ship allowed to sail ahead of her when the Queen was on board, a right which would be exercised annually by escorting the Royal Yacht out of Portsmouth.
  • Well, we know which one that is, since the Republic has only one of those experimental ships in commission right now.
  • During those decades, the reserve provided core crews for ships not in commission and personnel to augment crews of both active U.S. Navy ships and the navy shore establishment upon mobilization for war.
Synonyms
in service, in use, in employment, in action; working, functioning, functional, operative, going, running, up and running, in operation, in working order

out of commission

Not in service; not in working order: my car is out of commission until a new clutch arrives
More example sentences
  • How long do you think your car will be out of commission?
  • But an engine defect put the car out of commission at 14, 500 kilometers.
  • Since my car was out of commission, I decided to take a walk, after all the ‘Old Barns’ wasn't very far from my house.
Synonyms
not in service, unavailable for use, not in use, out of action, unserviceable; not working, not functioning, not functional, inoperative, not in operation, not in working order, out of order; down
British informal U/S
(Of a person) unable to work or function normally, especially through illness or injury: I’m employing her; I have to know how long she’s likely to be out of commission
More example sentences
  • I do not understand what I thought I was missing; it's not as if I had been rowing for years when my injury put me so out of commission.
  • No federal law governs health-club contracts, but you should be able to cancel if you move more than 25 miles from the club or an injury puts you out of commission.
  • A major injury puts you out of commission for a minimum of four weeks.

Definition of commission in:

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Pronunciation: ˌɪmpjʊˈdɪsɪti
noun
lack of modesty