Definition of congener in English:


Line breaks: con|gener
Pronunciation: /ˈkɒndʒɪnə
, kənˈdʒiːnə


  • 1A thing or person of the same kind or category as another.
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    • Must I turn a blind eye to the tears caused by those who call themselves - and are to some degree - my congeners, even if they too are survivors of Auschwitz?
    • Its congener is a report on Taino Indian beliefs, produced for Christopher Columbus by Ramón Pané, a Catalan friar on the island of Hispaniola.
    • No one is my congener.
  • 1.1An animal or plant of the same genus as another: these birds or their congeners may be found in East Africa
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    • Although its higher taxonomy remains controversial, E. texana has been placed in the family Limnadiidae with two other genera and 15 congeners.
    • For example, along the subtidal to intertidal gradient, species replacements are common, and there are many examples of one species in a genus replacing a congener over relatively small vertical ranges where thermal gradients exist.
    • Most studies of interspecific competition consider sympatric congeners because it is assumed that closely related species tend to compete more strongly.
  • 2A minor chemical constituent, especially one which gives a distinctive character to a wine or spirit or is responsible for some of its physiological effects.
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    • The lower the strength of the raw brandy, the richer it will be in the delicious, fruity, hangover-inducing congeners which provide all spirits with their fundamental character.
    • Highest in congeners are drink spirits such as whiskey, scotch, bourbon, port and brandy.
    • The darker the drink, the more congeners and other hangover-causing substances you'll imbibe, so tread warily around ports and heavy red wines.


mid 18th century: from Latin, from con- 'together with' + genus, gener- 'race, stock'.

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