An evergreen Mediterranean oak, the outer layer of the bark of which is the source of cork, which can be stripped without harming the tree.
- Quercus suber, family Fagaceae
- The bark of the cork oak tree, found in Spain, Portugal, and North Africa, can be almost entirely stripped each harvest without harming the tree, which regenerates itself.
- The bark of cork oak trees regenerates, allowing the trees to be safely stripped in nine-year intervals to create natural wine corks.
- The high mountains support typical evergreen forests of firs and cypress, whilst on the lower slopes are to be found such trees as pines, chestnuts, and cork oak.
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