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correlation Line breaks: cor|rel|ation
Pronunciation: /ˌkɒrəˈleɪʃ(ə)n/

Definition of correlation in English:


1A mutual relationship or connection between two or more things: research showed a clear correlation between recession and levels of property crime [mass noun]: there was no correlation between the number of visits to the clinic and the treatment outcome
More example sentences
  • Back in the Fifties sociological research found that there was a clear correlation between how society viewed people and the prevailing political attitudes.
  • The survey also found a clear correlation between leadership and progress on this agenda.
  • There is a clear correlation between petrol price and consumption.
1.1 [mass noun] The process of establishing a relationship or connection between two or more things: the increasingly similar basis underlying national soil maps allows correlation to take place more easily
More example sentences
  • This allows for rapid correlation of sequence data with biological functions.
  • Within parentals, we used correlation to investigate the relationship between body weight and risk.
  • Ammonites are abundant and diverse and allow correlation with the standard Albian section of the Anglo-Paris Basin.
1.2 [mass noun] Statistics Interdependence of variable quantities.
Example sentences
  • He took up this post in January 1927 and his first published papers are on the theory of correlation.
  • The Spearman rank correlation coefficient was computed to assess correlation between continuous variables.
  • Because of the high degree of intercorrelation among the needs variables, we used correlation, cluster, and regression analysis to aid data reduction.
1.3 Statistics A quantity measuring the extent of the interdependence of variable quantities.
Example sentences
  • Thus statistical correlations derived from quantitative research can be further explained using qualitative techniques.
  • The average of the two correlations was used to quantify the dependence of tests conducted within the interval.
  • Just as was done on the 13 individual test scores, we can go further and measure the correlations among these four group factors.


Mid 16th century: from medieval Latin correlatio(n-), from cor- 'together' + relatio (see relation).



Example sentences
  • But as he has noted, correlational studies say little about cause and effect.
  • Of course, the correlational data are also consistent with the explanation that friends who hold negative feelings are more likely to avoid conflict and less likely to collaborate and compromise.
  • A descriptive correlational study on a convenience sample of 49 RNs examines the relationship between personal values and work satisfaction.

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