A court in which legal proceedings are begun or first heard.
- Except for a limited number of clearly specified instances when the Supreme Court is the court of first instance, it has appellate jurisdiction only.
- Likewise, this article does not apply in cases where the charge is dismissed or the accused person is acquitted either by the court of first instance or, on appeal, by a higher tribunal.
- This court has considered the meaning of ‘the court’ in equivalent sub-sections on three previous occasions and has held that it means the court of first instance and not the Court of Appeal.
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