Definition of crayfish in English:


Line breaks: cray|fish
Pronunciation: /ˈkreɪfɪʃ

noun (plural same or crayfishes)

1 (also freshwater crayfish) A nocturnal freshwater crustacean that resembles a small lobster and inhabits streams and rivers.
More example sentences
  • Land crabs, river crayfish, opossum, agouti, and fish are caught where available.
  • As we clambered through the breakdown above the stream we saw several crayfish, which had apparently been washed in by the storm earlier in the week.
  • It escaped, of course, like all imports do, and is now wiping out the much smaller native crayfish in the rushing streams of the Yorkshire Dales.
1.1 (also marine crayfish) another term for spiny lobster.
More example sentences
  • Lobsters, crabs, prawns, bay bugs, freshwater and marine crayfish all belong to the phylum Arthropoda, the group which also contains insects.
  • He pointed to recent archaeological investigations which indicated that Maori had overexploited resources such as seals, marine crayfish and birds of several varieties.
  • The Palinuridae family includes the commercially exploited crustaceans of Australia that are known as rock lobsters, spiny crayfish and marine crayfish.


Middle English: from Old French crevice, of Germanic origin and related to German Krebs (see crab1). In the 16th century or earlier the second syllable was altered by association with fish1.

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