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criminal

Line breaks: crim|inal
Pronunciation: /ˈkrɪmɪn(ə)l
 
/

Definition of criminal in English:

noun

A person who has committed a crime: these men are dangerous criminals
More example sentences
  • One of the uses of capital punishment is to deter other criminals from committing more crimes.
  • Most heroin users were criminals who committed crimes before they ever used drugs.
  • A threat as harsh as death to all that commit a serious crime would deter some criminals.
Synonyms
young offender, juvenile delinquent;
felon, thief, robber, armed robber, burglar, housebreaker, shoplifter, mugger, rapist, fraudster, swindler, racketeer, gunman, gangster, outlaw, bandit, terrorist, bioterrorist, narcoterrorist, ecoterrorist, cyberterrorist, agroterrorist;
in Japanyakuza
informal crook, con, jailbird, (old) lag, lifer, baddy
North American informal yardbird, yegg
Australian informal crim
South African informal lighty
West Indian informal tief
British rhyming slang tea leaf
informal , dated cracksman
Law malfeasant, misfeasor, infractor
archaic miscreant, trespasser, trusty, transport

adjective

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1Relating to crime: he is charged with conspiracy to commit criminal damage
More example sentences
  • The crimes include shoplifting, assault, public order offences, theft and criminal damage.
  • After the verdict, he revealed that Bailey had a long record for theft, criminal damage and car crime.
  • He faces a maximum penalty of five years in prison for each of the spamming and criminal conspiracy offences.
Synonyms
1.1 Law Relating to crime as opposed to civil matters: a criminal court
More example sentences
  • Should the rules for disclosure be different for civil and criminal matters?
  • The principles applied by the civil / criminal court are sound and based on experience and aim at doing justice.
  • It is important to note, however, that the right covers civil as well as criminal litigation.
2 informal (Of an action or situation) deplorable and shocking: he may never fulfil his potential, and that would be a criminal waste
Synonyms
senseless, foolish, ridiculous, outrageous, monstrous, shocking, scandalous;
wicked, sinful, immoral, iniquitous
rare egregious

Origin

late Middle English (as an adjective): from late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen, crimin- (see crime).

Derivatives

criminality

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈnalɪti/
noun
Example sentences
  • We have an obvious case of gross misconduct, for example, serious criminality, corruption, that sort of thing.
  • It would be useful to know how the US managed to reduce criminality during the 1990s.
  • He had threatened us with allegations of bias, criminality, and corruption.

criminally

2
adverb
Example sentences
  • However, I cant take it with me into many of the buildings I go into, and leaving it in the car would be criminally negligent.
  • Could we even be held criminally liable for such a death, since we made the call knowing such an outcome was likely?
  • Then the facility housed 448 inmates, of that number forty-two were criminally insane.

Definition of criminal in:

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