Definition of crusade in English:

crusade

Line breaks: cru|sade
Pronunciation: /kruːˈseɪd
 
/

noun

1 (Crusade) Each of a series of medieval military expeditions made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries: the fanaticism engendered by the Crusades in 1204 the armies of the Fourth Crusade sacked Constantinople
More example sentences
  • Medieval England was to gain a great deal from the Crusades.
  • Saladin and Richard the Lionheart are two names that tend to dominate the Crusades.
  • The first Crusade took three years to reach the Holy Land.
1.1A war instigated for alleged religious ends: the Albigensian crusades
More example sentences
  • Our holy wars, crusades, and pogroms have decimated people in the millions in the name of our religion.
  • However, there has been little to compare to the crusades and religious wars in medieval and early-modern Europe.
  • Therefore, the Civil War must be a religious crusade to regain the Almighty's favour.
Synonyms
holy war; military campaign
2A vigorous campaign for political, social, or religious change: a crusade against crime
More example sentences
  • A civil servant has vowed to carry on her crusade against crime despite becoming the victim of a hate campaign.
  • While urging the authorities to find more resources to fix up our schools, our political representatives ought to be leading the crusade against vandalism.
  • The crusade against child obesity is likely to produce, not healthy outcomes, but miserable children and anxious parents and epidemics of dieting and eating disorders.
Synonyms
campaign, drive, push, move, movement, effort, struggle; battle, war, offensive

verb

[no object] (often as adjective crusading) Back to top  
Lead or take part in a vigorous campaign for social, political, or religious change: a crusading stance on poverty
More example sentences
  • She said that, as somebody who has been crusading to get insurance premiums down for drivers under 25, she was appalled at such comments.
  • He was a pioneer conservationist, crusading to save Georgian London from the developers and responsible for saving Carlton House Terrace.
  • You're crusading against a lot of the violence that some of the other hip-hop artists celebrate.
Synonyms
campaign, fight, do battle, battle, take up arms, take up the cudgels, work, push, press, strive, struggle, agitate, lobby; champion, promote

Origin

late 16th century (originally as croisade): from French croisade, an alteration (influenced by Spanish cruzado) of earlier croisée, literally 'the state of being marked with the cross', based on Latin crux, cruc- 'cross'; in the 17th century the form crusado, from Spanish cruzado, was introduced. The blending of these two forms led to the current spelling, first recorded in the early 18th century.

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