Definition of diatom in English:

diatom

Line breaks: dia¦tom
Pronunciation: /ˈdʌɪətəm
 
/

noun

Biology
  • A single-celled alga which has a cell wall of silica. Many kinds are planktonic, and extensive fossil deposits have been found.
    • Class Bacillariophyceae, division Chromophycota or Heterokontophyta (or phylum Bacillariophyta, kingdom Protista)
    More example sentences
    • From single-celled algae called diatoms to the story of a man who plants acorns, IDFuel reminds us that inspiration for design is all around us.
    • The slime molds are now known to be a mixture of three or four unrelated groups, and the oomycetes are now classified in the Chromista, with the diatoms and brown algae.
    • Algae, diatoms, dinoflagellates, and photosynthetic bacteria all belong to this group of organisms.

Derivatives

diatomaceous

Pronunciation: /-ˈmeɪʃəs/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Although diatoms are universal in fresh and sea water, they achieve greater importance in high-latitude oceanic areas, as well as in some continental margin basins where they form diatomaceous ooze.
  • Massive, bioturbated terrigenous silty clay and diatomaceous mud dominate sedimentation in the distal ice-shelf environment.
  • ‘The bottom appeared light and clear, a waste of firm diatomaceous [algae-skeleton] ooze,’ said Piccard.

Origin

mid 19th century: from modern Latin Diatoma (genus name), from Greek diatomos 'cut in two', from diatemnein 'to cut through'.

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