Definition of dichotomy in English:

dichotomy

Line breaks: di¦chot|omy
Pronunciation: /dʌɪˈkɒtəmi
 
, dɪ-/

noun (plural dichotomies)

[usually in singular]
  • 1A division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different: a rigid dichotomy between science and mysticism
    More example sentences
    • All the dichotomies and polarities can be dissolved and forgiven in that blessed moment of utter peace and tranquility.
    • No doubt Vermeer owed a particular debt to Delft, but it is the great dichotomies of Dutch art generally that nourished his genius.
    • Sheetal is a first generation Indian-American who captures perfectly the dichotomies of growing up Indian in America with her three dimensional portrayals of real women.
    Synonyms
    division, separation, divorce, split, gulf, chasm; difference, contrast, disjunction, polarity, lack of consistency, contradiction, antagonism, conflict
    rare contrariety
  • 2 [mass noun] Botany Repeated branching into two equal parts.
    More example sentences
    • At each dichotomy, the presumed ancestral genome size was indicated.

Origin

late 16th century: via modern Latin from Greek dikhotomia, from dikho- 'in two, apart' + -tomia (see -tomy).

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