Share this entry

disrupt Line breaks: dis|rupt
Pronunciation: /dɪsˈrʌpt/

Definition of disrupt in English:

verb

[with object]
1Interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem: flooding disrupted rail services
More example sentences
  • It only defers its end by disrupting the social event with which it begins.
  • The contest became a target in 1970 when women protesters disrupted the event.
  • Arrangements also have to be made for visitors to view it, without disrupting the daily activities of the embassy.
Synonyms
throw into confusion, throw into disorder, throw into disarray, cause confusion/turmoil in, play havoc with, derange, turn upside-down, make a mess of;
disturb, disorder, disorganize, disarrange, interfere with, upset, unsettle, convulse;
interrupt, suspend, discontinue;
obstruct, impede, hamper;
hold up, delay, retard, slow (down)
British informalthrow a spanner in the works of
North American informalthrow a monkey wrench in the works of
1.1Drastically alter or destroy the structure of: alcohol can disrupt the chromosomes of an unfertilized egg
More example sentences
  • Applying an irritant chemical to the membrane disrupts the ordered structure: the dye is released and the globular proteins undergo conformational changes.
  • In the shaken solution - which disrupts spatial structure - the ancestral morph persisted solitarily.
  • A hydronium ion, however, disrupts this structure because it can accommodate a maximum of three hydrogen bonds.
Synonyms
distort, damage, buckle, warp;
break open/apart, shatter, split, sever, cleave, split asunder
literaryrend
archaicsunder, rive

Derivatives

disrupter

1
Pronunciation: /dɪsˈrʌptə/
(also disruptor) noun
Example sentences
  • And the marchers need their own monitors to practice nonviolent discipline and contain any disruptors - who are, de facto, not misguided friends but opponents.
  • Some business is better conducted, some plans better made, when there's no worry about journalists, disruptors, or even potential new recruits.
  • The United States has also tinkered with dazzlers of its own, though its focus is apparently more on short-range disruptors that can be attached to rifles.

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin disrupt- 'broken apart', from the verb disrumpere.

More
  • corrupt from Middle English:

    Corrupt comes from Latin corrumpere ‘mar, bribe, destroy’, from cor- ‘altogether’ and rumpere ‘to break’. Also from rumpere are disrupt (Late Middle English) ‘break apart’; eruption (Late Middle English) a breaking out; interrupt (Late Middle English) ‘to break between’. See words at rut

Words that rhyme with disrupt

abrupt, corrupt, erupt, interrupt, irrupt

Definition of disrupt in:

Share this entry

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Related Words