Definition of ecology in English:


Line breaks: ecol|ogy
Pronunciation: /ɪˈkɒlədʒi
, ɛ-/


[mass noun]
  • 1The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.
    More example sentences
    • Masters and doctoral programs feature ecosystem ecology courses in restoration.
    • It always interested me why that happened, and why it happened at the same time that the science of ecology was born.
    • The emphasis is on horticultural aspects of reproductive biology and pollination ecology.
  • 1.1 (Ecology) The political movement concerned with protection of the environment.
    More example sentences
    • The women's and ecology movements are therefore one.
    • He has long been widely cited by many different branches of the radical ecology movement.



More example sentences
  • Both conservation biologists and behavioral ecologists should care greatly about integrating their fields.
  • The plan is signed by eminent ecologists and conservationists from around the world.
  • When I say we, I mean I identify myself with environmentalists and ecologists.


late 19th century (originally as oecology): from Greek oikos 'house' + -logy.

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a slit made by cutting with a saw