Definition of electrophilic in English:

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electrophilic

Pronunciation: /ɪˌlɛktrə(ʊ)ˈfɪlɪk/

adjective

Chemistry
(Of a molecule or group) having a tendency to attract or acquire electrons. Often contrasted with nucleophilic.
Example sentences
  • Methyl lithium is very reactive and acts as a nucleophilic methylating reagent to electrophilic functional groups, such as ketones.
  • In the mining industry, the production of TNT is made possible by the electrophilic nitration of toluene (methyl benzene).
  • Addition reactions of electrophilic reagents to the alkene double bond (yielding substituted alkenes) are the most typical.

Derivatives

electrophile

Pronunciation: /ɪˈlɛktrə(ʊ)fʌɪl/
noun
Example sentences
  • As a result, carbonyl compounds can form carbon anions and act as nucleophiles rather than electrophiles.
  • Many of these vinyl compounds are made by the reaction of acetylene with electrophiles.
  • Alkylating agents are electrophiles that add methyl, ethyl and more complicated alkyl groups to nucleic acid bases.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: elec¦tro|phil¦ic

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