Definition of electrophoresis in English:

Share this entry

electrophoresis

Pronunciation: /ɪˌlɛktrə(ʊ)fəˈriːsɪs/

noun

[mass noun] Physics & Chemistry
The movement of charged particles in a fluid or gel under the influence of an electric field.
Example sentences
  • The first was protein analysis using sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.
  • Proteins were separated by sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis as described previously.
  • The purity of enzyme preparations was analysed by gel electrophoresis and spectral analysis.

Derivatives

electrophorese

verb
Example sentences
  • These single nucleotide reactions were run side-by-side on standard acrylamide gels with an electrolyte gradient and electrophoresed for 2-3 hr.
  • PCR products were electrophoresed on acrylamide gels and stained by ethidium bromide.
  • Radioactively labeled microsatellite regions were electrophoresed on denaturing polyacrylamide gels and visualized using autoradiography.

electrophoretic

Pronunciation: /ɪˌlɛktrə(ʊ)fəˈrɛtɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Separation of charged solutes can also cause problems owing to adsorption or electrophoretic migration.
  • We have also used electrophoretic ion transport to characterize nanopores fabricated this way.
  • The most common approach to these ends is the determination of the electrophoretic mobility of lipid vesicles in electrolyte solutions.

electrophoretically

adverb
Example sentences
  • After electrophoresis, the proteins were transferred electrophoretically onto a nitrocellulose membrane as described previously.
  • Beychok and Warner have observed electrophoretically a strong interaction of lysozyme with chloride.
  • Complexes within the gel were electrophoretically transferred to nitrocellulose membrane and probed for as previously described.

Origin

Early 20th century: from electro- + Greek phorēsis 'being carried'.

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.