Definition of enantiomer in English:

enantiomer

Line breaks: en¦antio|mer
Pronunciation: /ɪˈnantɪə(ʊ)mə
 
, ɛ-/

noun

Chemistry
  • Each of a pair of molecules that are mirror images of each other.
    More example sentences
    • Such isomers are called enantiomers and molecules that have enantiomers are said to be chiral or to show chirality.
    • As with hands, chiral molecules can occur in two different forms, called enantiomers, which are mirror-images of one another.
    • One of the principal barriers to high yield is the creation of both enantiomers of a chiral compound, when only one is desired.

Derivatives

enantiomeric

Pronunciation: /-ˈmɛrɪk/
adjective
More example sentences
  • The reactions proceed at room temperature without solvent, giving enantiomeric excesses of 99.8 per cent.
  • There is no symmetry to this molecule, and it exists in the two enantiomeric forms.
  • This enantiomerically enriched catalyst could then act to promote the formation of amino acids with substantial enantiomeric excesses.

enantiomerically

adverb
More example sentences
  • The flavour and fragrance industry takes advantage of chirality - by being able to produce enantiomerically pure compounds, manufacturers can not only expand their product ranges but also guarantee customers product uniformity.
  • The phosphine that was used was not enantiomerically pure, but even so the resulting product showed a 15 per cent enantiomeric excess.
  • Their efficiency, together with that of the now highly optimised extraction processes, mean that the plant remains unchallenged as the commercial source of enantiomerically pure morphine and codeine.

Origin

1930s: from Greek enantios 'opposite' + -mer.

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