Definition of encapsidate in English:

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encapsidate

Pronunciation: /ɪnˈkapsɪdeɪt/
Pronunciation: /ɛnˈkapsɪdeɪt/

verb

[with object] Biochemistry
Enclose (a gene or virus particle) in a protein shell: each piece of dsRNA is encapsidated separately
More example sentences
  • The helical segments were presumed to be elements of stem-loop structures formed when the RNA was condensed and encapsidated by the protein.
  • Wild-type viruses might produce abundant capsid proteins that are freely obtainable from the resource pool, and these could allow the less-fit mutants to be encapsidated at a higher rate than occurs during clonal infections.
  • Viral capsids are rigid protein shells whose function is to protect their encapsidated genome of single- or double-stranded RNA or DNA.

Derivatives

encapsidation

Pronunciation: /ɪnkapsɪˈdɛɪʃ(ə)n/ Pronunciation: /ɛnkapsɪˈdɛɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
Example sentences
  • The absence of the terminal methionine appears to be complete, and we suspect it may have been removed by host cell enzymes before encapsidation.
  • Correspondingly, an elastic stress (P bending) is also associated with encapsidation of the genome.
  • Second, the rate of encapsidation of deleterious mutants may be increased during co-infection.

Origin

Late 20th century: from en-1 + capsid2 + -ate3.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: en|cap¦si|date

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