Definition of encapsidate in English:


Line breaks: en|cap¦si|date
Pronunciation: /ɪnˈkapsɪdeɪt
, ɛn-/


[with object] Biochemistry
  • Enclose (a gene or virus particle) in a protein shell: each piece of dsRNA is encapsidated separately
    More example sentences
    • The helical segments were presumed to be elements of stem-loop structures formed when the RNA was condensed and encapsidated by the protein.
    • Wild-type viruses might produce abundant capsid proteins that are freely obtainable from the resource pool, and these could allow the less-fit mutants to be encapsidated at a higher rate than occurs during clonal infections.
    • Viral capsids are rigid protein shells whose function is to protect their encapsidated genome of single- or double-stranded RNA or DNA.



Pronunciation: /-ˈdɛɪʃ(ə)n/
More example sentences
  • The absence of the terminal methionine appears to be complete, and we suspect it may have been removed by host cell enzymes before encapsidation.
  • Correspondingly, an elastic stress (P bending) is also associated with encapsidation of the genome.
  • Second, the rate of encapsidation of deleterious mutants may be increased during co-infection.


late 20th century: from en-1 + capsid2 + -ate3.

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