Definition of endemic in English:

endemic

Line breaks: en|dem¦ic
Pronunciation: /ɛnˈdɛmɪk
 
/

adjective

1(Of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular people or in a certain area: complacency is endemic in industry today
More example sentences
  • Parasitic infections are endemic among this population.
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever is endemic in North, Central, and South America.
  • Poverty is endemic in the South and it is spreading to the North.
1.1 [attributive] (Of an area) in which a particular disease is regularly found: the persistence of infection on pastures in endemic areas
More example sentences
  • The shaded area indicates the endemic zone of Argentine hemorrhagic fever
  • Examples calling for immunization include travel to endemic areas or intravenous drug use during pregnancy.
  • Leishmaniasis should be considered in any person from an endemic area who has chronic localized skin lesions.
2(Of a plant or animal) native or restricted to a certain place: a marsupial endemic to north-eastern Australia
More example sentences
  • About 221 plant species are endemic to this peninsular state.
  • Most of the Chinese Impatiens species are endemic to the country or are restricted to a number of provinces.
  • However, many other species are endemic to the North and many more seasonal migrants depend on northern environments for a significant part of their life history.

noun

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An endemic plant or animal: there are three types of island endemics
More example sentences
  • Most species of Metagentiana are herbaceous local endemics growing in alpine scrub, meadows and coniferous forests.
  • The plant communities of southern Appalachian wetlands include endemics that exist in the unique microhabitats of the region.
  • Thus, low temperatures have led to selection for a high proportion of local endemics and species endemic to mountain peaks.

Origin

mid 17th century (as a noun): from French endémique or modern Latin endemicus, from Greek endēmios 'native' (based on dēmos 'people').

Derivatives

endemically

adverb
More example sentences
  • We're saying this money saved is to be spent on health and education when we know it's going to countries that are institutionally and endemically corrupt.
  • Ever since my first encounter with French literature in my teens I have always thought French culture was endemically corrupt and devoid of any morality.
  • Crucially, it provides an account of why humans are so endemically prone to addictive behaviour.

endemicity

Pronunciation: /ˌɛndɪˈmɪsɪti/
noun
More example sentences
  • Among healthy persons living in a region of low endemicity, the false-positive rate with serology is about 2 to 5 percent.
  • Areas with high endemicity include the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East, Central Asia, Chile, and Argentina.
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises that Americans traveling to certain areas of high endemicity be vaccinated with hepatitis A vaccine.

endemism

Pronunciation: /ˈɛndɪmɪz(ə)m/
noun
sense 2 of the adjective.
More example sentences
  • The floral and faunal endemism is a high 20 per cent.
  • Those mountains are biogeographically complex and exhibit high species endemism.
  • We are the only tropical island group with this high rate of endemism.

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