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endotherm

Line breaks: endo|therm
Pronunciation: /ˈɛndə(ʊ)θəːm
 
/

Definition of endotherm in English:

noun

Zoology
An animal that is dependent on or capable of the internal generation of heat. Often contrasted with ectotherm. Compare with homeotherm.
Example sentences
  • They are endotherms and they can finely tune the thermal, water, and chemical balance of their bodies from minute to minute.
  • However, the problem is severe for an endotherm, particularly a small endotherm, which must maintain a steady internal temperature and has a considerably greater demand for respiratory oxygen.
  • Extant birds are accomplished endotherms and many maintain the highest body temperatures.

Origin

1940s: from endo- 'within', on the pattern of homeotherm.

Derivatives

endothermy

1
noun
Example sentences
  • ‘How did endothermy evolve in mammals?’
  • The main basis for the faster absorption of nutrients in mammals to fuel endothermy and increased activity relative to reptiles has been shown to be a much greater intestinal surface area in mammals.
  • Toward the end of the reign of dinosaurs, some animals, the future mammals and birds, evolved endothermy.

Definition of endotherm in:

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