England was conquered by the Romans in the first century ad, when it was inhabited by Celtic peoples, and was a Roman province until the early 5th century. During the 3rd-7th centuries Germanic-speaking tribes, traditionally known as Angles, Saxons, and Jutes, established a number of independent kingdoms. England emerged as a distinct political entity in the 9th century before being conquered by William, Duke of Normandy, in 1066
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