Definition of episome in English:

Share this entry

episome

Pronunciation: /ˈɛpɪsəʊm/

noun

Microbiology
A genetic element inside some bacterial cells, especially the DNA of some bacteriophages, that can replicate independently of the host and also in association with a chromosome with which it becomes integrated. Compare with plasmid.
Example sentences
  • Interestingly, overexpression of the functional wild-type HA-Mcm7p from an episome or an integrated allele was toxic for normal cell growth and viability.
  • This attribute does not appear to be a feature of other independently isolated episomes, including episomes that cover the same portion of the E. coli chromosome that is included in F'128.
  • During latent infection, the viral genome persists as an episome, and viral gene expression is highly restricted.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: epi|some

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.