Definition of exchequer in English:

exchequer

Line breaks: ex|che¦quer
Pronunciation: /ɪksˈtʃɛkə
 
, ɛks-/

noun

1A royal or national treasury: an important source of revenue to the sultan’s exchequer
More example sentences
  • The most important post in judging the character of the government is its finance minister and chancellor of the exchequer.
  • At last the public exchequer has recognised the need for support and encouragement of the civilising Arts of life as a part of their duty.
  • A master stroke-it will solve the pension problems, boost the economy and the exchequer in one fell blow.
1.1 (Exchequer) British The account at the Bank of England in which is held the Consolidated Fund, into which tax receipts and other public monies are paid: each of the protesters will be liable to a fixed fine, which could raise £200m for the Exchequer
More example sentences
  • Foot-and-mouth cost the Exchequer £229,299 up to April 20.
  • The Exchequer will not be the only beneficiaries.
  • A bottle of Jacob's Creek wine costs €8.95 in Bray, Co Wicklow, and €7.90 in Belfast, a difference of €1.05, with €3.60 going to the Irish Exchequer and €2.94 going to the British Exchequer.
1.2 (Exchequer) British historical The former government office responsible for collecting revenue and making payments on behalf of the sovereign, auditing official accounts, and trying legal cases relating to revenue.
More example sentences
  • Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1874-80, Northcote succeeded Disraeli as leader in the Commons in 1876, though his unease with the premier's policy over the Eastern Question became evident.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French eschequier, from medieval Latin scaccarium 'chessboard', from scaccus (see check1). The original sense was 'chessboard'. Current senses derive from the Norman department of state dealing with the royal revenues, named Exchequer from the chequered tablecloth on which accounts were kept by means of counters. The spelling was influenced by Latin ex- 'out' (see ex1). Compare with chequer.

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