Definition of exercise in English:

exercise

Line breaks: ex¦er|cise
Pronunciation: /ˈɛksəsʌɪz
 
/

noun

  • 2An activity carried out for a specific purpose: an exercise in public relations
    More example sentences
    • Earlier this year the council undertook a public consultation exercise regarding modernisation proposals.
    • The rebranding exercise could cost as much as £30m.
    • Yet the whole affair was a displacement activity: an exercise in self-deception.
  • 2.1 [count noun] A task set to practise or test a skill: there are exercises at the end of each book to check comprehension
    More example sentences
    • This Is Only A Test Simulations and tabletop exercises help CSOs practice and plan the best response for worst-case scenarios.
    • If necessary, people should practise some eye protection exercises or use eyedrops if their eyes are tired, Yu said.
    • After a multitude of prolonged tests and diving exercises, he was put back on active duty.
    Synonyms
    task, piece of work, problem, assignment, piece of school work, piece of homework; Music étude
  • 2.2 (often exercises) A military drill or training manoeuvre: training exercises with the Kuwaiti army
    More example sentences
    • A severe fuel shortage has limited the country's ability to conduct military training exercises.
    • This is borne out by the results of research and experience in military training exercises.
    • They were sent to a Royal Marines training camp for military exercises to stimulate team spirit, foster leadership skills and sharpen their ability to make swift decisions.
    Synonyms
  • 2.3 (exercises) North American Ceremonies: Bar Mitzvah exercises
    More example sentences
    • He returned to the topic of education in an address he gave in various versions at graduation exercises in the 1860s.
    • When I finished high school, I didn't go to graduation exercises, I went straight to serve in the army.
  • 3 [mass noun] The use or application of a faculty, right, or process: the exercise of authority
    More example sentences
    • His main burden seemed to be that in a just society there should be more room for the free exercise of religion in relation to higher learning.
    • The section is commonly described as involving the exercise of a discretion.
    • But that would be a matter for that Court in the exercise of its jurisdiction.
    Synonyms
    use, utilization, employment; practice, putting into practice, application, operation, exertion, performance, implementation, discharge, accomplishment

verb

[with object] Back to top  
  • 1Use or apply (a faculty, right, or process): control is exercised by the Board anyone receiving a suspect package should exercise extreme caution
    More example sentences
    • The banks stress they only exercise this right in extreme circumstances and would only take money from an account that was in credit.
    • The court is not exercising jurisdiction over the merits of the dispute.
    • In so doing, it is argued, he was properly exercising his discretion under subsection 4.
    Synonyms
    use, employ, make use of, utilize, avail oneself of, put to use; practise, apply, bring to bear, bring into play, implement, exert, wield
  • 2 [no object] Engage in physical activity to sustain or improve health and fitness: she still exercised every day
    More example sentences
    • How often are you able to exercise or do physical activity?
    • It's important to keep on exercising to sustain improvements.
    • Parents should be observant in their children's activities; playing, exercising, reading, etc.
    Synonyms
    work out, do exercises, keep fit, train, drill, engage in physical activity
    informal pump iron
  • 2.1 [with object] Exert (part of the body) to promote or improve muscular strength: raise your knee to exercise the upper leg muscles
    More example sentences
    • Not everyone can or wants to spend time exercising their body.
    • I have to say it is indicative of a certain section of society who spend so much time exercising their bodies and so little their minds.
    • Beyond exercising his body, he has been working on his New York accent too for the show.
  • 2.2 [with object] Cause (an animal) to take exercise: she exercised her dogs before breakfast
    More example sentences
    • You can always tell when somewhere suburban is pretty because it's full of people exercising their dogs and looking the other way when they foul the grass.
    • A Sunday newspaper reported that the incident happened in July when Anne, 52, and her husband were exercising the dog.
    • The attack occurred when the claimant was off duty and exercising the dog on the fields adjacent to his house.

Derivatives

exercisable

adjective
More example sentences
  • By means of the Royal Powers Act 1953, parliament did provide that, ‘when the Queen is personally present in Australia, any power under an Act exercisable by the governor-general may be exercised by the Queen’.
  • In this sense, self-determination was a right exercisable by the people who arbitrarily found themselves lumped into an ascertainable territory: it was not a right belonging to ethnic groups.
  • It is often said that the degree of compassion and principle that are exercisable in politics are inversely related to proximity to power, rather than which side you're on.

exerciser

noun
More example sentences
  • We have basic good form, but we are easily distracted by birds or small children or other exercisers who look and perform better than we do.
  • ‘Our results showed that dosages of prescribed diabetes medications were reduced in 72 percent of exercisers, compared with the control group,’ says Castaneda.
  • A recent study of college athletes showed that exercisers who used techniques such as visualization, progressive muscle relaxation and keeping a journal were less fatigued, less depressed and less likely to get injured or sick.

Origin

Middle English (in the sense 'application of a right'): via Old French from Latin exercitium, from exercere 'keep busy, practise', from ex- 'thoroughly' + arcere 'keep in or away'.

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