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existentialism

Line breaks: ex¦ist|en¦tial|ism
Pronunciation: /ɛɡzɪˈstɛnʃ(ə)lɪz(ə)m
 
/

Definition of existentialism in English:

noun

[mass noun]
A philosophical theory or approach which emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will.
Example sentences
  • As a philosopher she reacted to existentialism and logical positivism with a deep belief that philosophy should be about freedom and morality and love and God.
  • He published On Humanism, a letter to Beaufret in which he distanced his own philosophy from French existentialism.
  • The philosophy of existentialism affected and changed the attitude of the Western community to suicide greatly.

Origin

translating Danish existents-forhold 'condition of existence' (frequently used by Kierkegaard), from existential.

Derivatives

existentialist

1
noun& adjective
Example sentences
  • Martin Heidegger, a German philosopher, has been variously classified as a phenomenologist, an existentialist, and a mystic.
  • He also does no justice to the existentialist philosopher, Jean-Paul Sartre.
  • Gary Kenyon reviews the philosophical foundations of existential meaning in existentialist philosophy and phenomenology.

Definition of existentialism in:

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