Definition of experiment in English:

experiment

Line breaks: ex|peri|ment
Pronunciation: /ɪkˈspɛrɪm(ə)nt
 
, ɛk-/

noun

  • 1A scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact: a laboratory which carried out experiments on pigs [mass noun]: I have tested this by experiment
    More example sentences
    • Carry out tests or experiments on these deductions in order not to prove them but to refute them.
    • Interestingly enough, such individuals were also hostile to scientific experiments on animals as well.
    • Scientists run experiments on physical evidence and draw conclusions based on their results.
    Synonyms
    test, investigation, trial, enquiry, demonstration; examination, observation; assessment, evaluation, appraisal, inspection, analysis, scrutiny, study, probe; trial run, try-out, pilot study, dummy run, dry runresearch, experimentation, observation, trial and error, analysis, testing
  • 1.1A course of action tentatively adopted without being sure of the outcome: the previous experiment in liberal democracy had ended in disaster
    More example sentences
    • Starting the blog was an experiment in trying a few different ways to address the limitations of our political process.
    • He knew that our experiment in self-government could fail if he had a serious lapse of judgment.
    • This page is an experiment in interactivity which, as a journalist, I've found extremely exciting.

verb

Pronunciation: /also ɪkˈspɛrɪmɛnt
 
/
[no object] Back to top  
  • 1Perform a scientific procedure, especially in a laboratory, to determine something: experimenting on animals causes suffering
    More example sentences
    • The primates being experimented on in laboratories share over 95 per cent of their DNA with you.
    • Cloning humans while the technology is still new and unproven is akin to experimenting on babies.
    • He then went on to say that since animals habitually injure each other we should not worry unduly about experimenting on them in a good cause.
    Synonyms
    conduct experiments, carry out trials/tests, conduct research; test, trial, put to the test, do tests on, try out, carry out trials on, assess, appraise, evaluate; investigate, examine, explore, observe, verify
  • 1.1Try out new ideas or methods: the designers experimented with new ideas in lighting
    More example sentences
    • We had also experimented with our running method today.
    • Some regions of China, looking for creative ways to improve local governance, have already experimented with the idea.
    • I also experimented with innovative methods of displaying my growing autograph collection.

Derivatives

experimentation

Pronunciation: /-mɛnˈteɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
More example sentences
  • All the above is utterly and completely without any scientific basis in either research or experimentation.
  • There has been limited manipulative experimentation performed to test any of the previous hypotheses.
  • If animal experimentation were stopped, the slowdown in medical research would be real and the cost would be high.

experimenter

noun
More example sentences
  • The first session was then initiated by the experimenter, who was situated in a separate control room.
  • This behavior did not change, even when the experimenter initiated recall in Greek.
  • Weissman said: ‘It is in the domain of the ethicists, not the experimenters, to figure out what our limits are.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin experimentum, from experiri 'try'. Compare with experience and expert.

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