Definition of external in English:

external

Line breaks: ex|ter¦nal
Pronunciation: /ɪkˈstəːn(ə)l
 
, ɛk-/

adjective

1Belonging to or forming the outer surface or structure of something: the external walls
More example sentences
  • This arrangement of the ommatidia gives a smooth appearance to the external surface of the eye.
  • The antigen was more abundant in the zone adjacent to the plasma membrane than in the zone closer to the external wall surface.
  • Water was collected from the external surface of the wall when surrounded by a saturated atmosphere while P was developing.
Synonyms
1.1Relating to or denoting a medicine or similar substance for use on the outside of the body: for external application only
More example sentences
  • The herbal medicines for external application are generally erosive and poisonous, and their dosages should be strictly handled.
  • Most of these patients also had adjuvant therapy such as external beam radiation, brachytherapy, or chemotherapy.
  • Previous studies have shown that the provision of external defibrillators and basic life support training to ambulance crews can improve survival from out of hospital cardiac arrest.
2Coming or derived from a source outside the subject affected: for many the Church was a symbol of external authority the child learns to form conceptions of the external world
More example sentences
  • Those who report, not to proper authorities, but to external sources abuse their positions of trust, he said.
  • We hypothesized that the source and term of external debt affects farm production decisions and, consequently, efficiency.
  • It is likely that such fluids were derived from crystallizing melts and no external source is necessarily required.
2.1Coming from or relating to a country or institution other than the main subject: a department of external affairs
More example sentences
  • If one looks hard enough, one can even find beginnings of modernisation of internal and external institutions in the Middle Eastern heartland.
  • The main objective is to stop the farmers' dependence on external agencies and make them contribute towards protection of natural resources.
  • If the Treaty of Waitangi were ruled to come under the external affairs power, for example, it would be subject to interpretation in Canberra.
2.2For or concerning students registered with and taking the examinations of a university but not resident there: external degrees
More example sentences
  • In parallel with this, he had also entered the lists as an external student of London University and obtained their pass-level B.D. degree in 1912.
  • Britton graduated from Hull in 1950, although at that time Hull could not award its own degrees and so Britton graduated with an external University of London degree.
  • She was also continuing her own personal development, studying finance at Ramkamheng University as an external student, finishing with an MBA with a finance major.
3 Computing (Of hardware) not contained in the main computer; peripheral.
More example sentences
  • Sure, there are the memory stick slots and USB ports, but how would you be holding the PSP and using an external hardware device to take photos?
  • Other interconnects may require concentrators or other external hardware.
  • Wireless connectivity and some features may require you to purchase additional software, services or external hardware.
3.1(Of storage) using a disk or tape drive rather than the main memory.
More example sentences
  • Talk of changes in giant TV technology, flash hard-drive memory, and new external storage options surface this month in Asia.
  • I talked to one guy whose idea of external storage was a USB disk.
  • A single performance-limiting factor of external hard disk drives has always been their interface.

noun

(externals) Back to top  
1The outward features of something: the place has all the appropriate externals, such as chimneys choked with ivy
More example sentences
  • They appear different only in externals, just as milk is all the same though it comes from cows of different colour.
  • When we truly forget the self, there is no division between inside and outside, no division between yourself and externals.
  • Perhaps surprisingly, given his genuine good keen man externals, Wilkes also happened to be a lover of ballet and opera - he once went to Offenbach's Tales of Hoffman at Sydney Opera House - and he was a good friend of the artist Tony Fomison.
1.1Inessential or superficial features: photographs can only show externals
More example sentences
  • I've never been fully convinced by the Wittgenstein comparison as far as grasping reality goes, since Wittgenstein, for at least large portions of his life, seemed to be pretty big on free-floating externals.
  • Each can manifest itself either as an attitude, an authentic way of relating to the world, or as a style, in which only the externals of the attitude are practised without attention to its inner dictates.
  • Don't yield to the temptation to deal with externals in order to keep the conversation going, or to impress others.

Origin

late Middle English: from medieval Latin, from Latin exter 'outer'.

Derivatives

externally

adverb
More example sentences
  • We need to remember that often one who is externally cheerful and smiling conceals sorrows away from the gaze of others.
  • He studied externally to gain a Diploma in Town Planning when given the dual responsibility of town planner.
  • Further consultation is now expected to take place externally.

Definition of external in:

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