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extract

Line breaks: ex|tract

Definition of extract in English:

verb

Pronunciation: /ɪkˈstrakt
 
, ɛk-/
[with object]
1Remove or take out, especially by effort or force: the fossils are extracted from the chalk
More example sentences
  • The resources required for transformation can only be extracted from the conventional force structure.
  • Strawberry genomic DNA was extracted from achenes removed from W1-stage strawberry fruits as described previously.
  • Women wailed and slapped their faces in grief; men scrambled through broken concrete in an effort to extract the dead - for few held out hope of finding anyone alive.
Synonyms
1.1Obtain (a substance or resource) from something by a special method: lead was extracted from the copper
More example sentences
  • One of the methods used to extract caffeine from the coffee bean is called water processing.
  • Nevertheless, the most optimal method for extracting nucleic acid must also be determined for each specimen type.
  • Total sugars were extracted using the ethanol method as described above.
Synonyms
1.2Obtain (something such as money or information) from someone unwilling to give it: I won’t let you go without trying to extract a promise from you
More example sentences
  • Despite promises of police reform, police continue to use torture to intimidate, harass and humiliate women detainees to extract money or information.
  • In my experience, the best way to extract information from an unwilling subject is to put a bullet into one of his thighs.
  • Once you hand over your details, the fraudster either starts extracting small sums of money from you till you have nothing left, or simply drains your bank account and again leaves you with nothing.
Synonyms
wrest, exact, wring, screw, squeeze, milk, force, coerce, obtain by force, obtain by threat(s), extort, blackmail someone for, worm something out of someone
North American & Australian informal put the bite on someone for
archaic rack
1.3Select (a passage from a text, film, or piece of music) for quotation, performance, or reproduction: the table is extracted from the report
More example sentences
  • Then with suitable software you can both search for text and select and extract text for insertion into your own document.
  • I extract that text directly out of our new library system, we have a group library system now in our company, with 150 newspapers on the database.
  • The inherent risk is loss/exposure of data if a hacker is able to extract the plain text.
Synonyms
excerpt, select, choose, reproduce, repeat, copy, quote, cite, cull, take, abstract
1.4Derive (an idea) from a body of information: there are few attempts to extract generalities about the nature of the disciplines
More example sentences
  • We have attempted to extract ideas about culture from particular instances of cultural production (including discussion).
  • Nicola Corboy extracts ideas from each of the six modules.
  • Millions of people look to her for ideas about how to live, to the point where that caller was hoping she could extract some ideas for living out of the prison experience.
Synonyms
derive, develop, evolve, deduce, infer, conclude, gather, elicit, obtain, get, take, gain, acquire, procure, attain, glean
formal educe
2 Mathematics Calculate (a root of a number): early computers had an instruction to extract a square root
More example sentences
  • I was allowed to use the new Friden calculating machine which, shortly before its transformation into a relic, could also extract square roots.
  • You will often find a button on your calculator which extracts roots (perhaps marked y x) near the button which computes the power of a number (marked x y).
  • They question the computers, add and subtract, extract square roots, and then go into action.

noun

Pronunciation: /ˈɛkstrakt
 
/
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1A short passage taken from a text, film, or piece of music: an extract from a historical film
More example sentences
  • Sometimes you hear short extracts of music to fill in the gap between the end of one song and the start of the news; sometimes the news tape is started 10 seconds in, after a song or ad overruns.
  • Here is a short extract from the text of Ficino's letter.
  • The first half of the play was pretty poor I thought consisting of not much more than set pieces - extracts from the public record - many of which we'd seen before on the TV.
Synonyms
excerpt, passage, abstract, citation, selection, quotation, cutting, clipping, snippet, fragment, piece
(excerpts) rare analects
2A preparation containing the active ingredient of a substance in concentrated form: natural plant extracts [mass noun]: a shampoo with extract of camomile
More example sentences
  • For the best results, a standardised extract of the active ingredient hypericin needs to be taken for six weeks.
  • However, this method lacks both selectivity and sensitivity and measurements of quinones require concentration of the extract and removal of substances that strongly absorb ultraviolet light.
  • Essential oils are concentrated plant extracts, which are generally obtained by steam distillation from flowers, fruit, seeds, stems, leaves, bark or roots of plants.
Synonyms
decoction, distillation, distillate, abstraction, concentrate, essence, juice, solution, tincture, elixir, quintessence

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin extract- 'drawn out', from the verb extrahere, from ex- 'out' + trahere 'draw'.

Derivatives

extractability

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈbɪlɪti/
noun
Example sentences
  • The degree of extractability, as it were, depends on the type of data extracted.
  • Juicy fruit possessed pectin of greater extractability than mealy fruit, with high amounts of loosely bound polyuronides and low amounts of tightly bound pectin.
  • The extractability of beef, pork, and chicken muscle with post-mortem aging was studied.

extractable

2
adjective
Example sentences
  • How much additional water might be extractable from that source is still unknown, but for the purpose of this estimate we have assumed an additional 30 MCM / Yr will be available.
  • Such a survey, while readily extractable from the extensive scholarship on modern China, is clearly beyond the purview of this essay.
  • Reserves are known sources of oil that are extractable given current technologies at current prices.

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Pronunciation: pɪət
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