Definition of extravagant in English:

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Pronunciation: /ɪkˈstravəɡ(ə)nt/
Pronunciation: /ɛkˈstravəɡ(ə)nt/


1Lacking restraint in spending money or using resources: it was rather extravagant to buy both
More example sentences
  • When it comes to love, God is the great prodigal - extravagant, a spendthrift, and oblivious to cost.
  • This relates to the extravagant spending also; if a public institution wants to be funded through taxpayer money, they must be accountable and transparent with how they spend it.
  • While it will welcome the slower pace of growth in mortgage lending, it is concerned that individuals are borrowing for day-to-day spending for extravagant lifestyles.
spendthrift, profligate, unthrifty, thriftless, improvident, wasteful, free-spending, prodigal, squandering, lavish;
immoderate, excessive, imprudent, reckless, irresponsible
1.1Resulting from or showing a lack of restraint in spending money or resources: extravagant gifts like computer games
More example sentences
  • This was interpreted to mean: women feel confident that they have found a strong and committed mate when they receive an extravagant gift.
  • The two tiny bundles that arrived unexpectedly on Debbie Badger's 34th birthday were more precious than the most extravagant gift.
  • They regularly shower their friends with wildly extravagant gifts, kindnesses which Phillip and Alice could never hope to return or repay.
expensive, costly, dear, high-priced, high-cost, big-budget, exorbitant, extortionate, overpriced;
immoderate, lavish;
valuable, precious, priceless, worth its weight in gold, worth a king's ransom;
British  over the odds
informal pricey, costing an arm and a leg, costing the earth, costing a bomb, daylight robbery
1.2Exceeding what is reasonable or appropriate; excessive or elaborate: extravagant claims about the merchandise
More example sentences
  • And a few lines further on he specifies Christianity as the most extravagant elaboration of the moral theme that humanity has ever heard.
  • The history of western commentaries on ancient Mesoamerican objects is full of extravagant claims made on the basis of such meaningless formal convergences.
  • Later, when the publicity had died down and independent researchers take a more dispassionate view of the outcomes of treatment over a longer period, the extravagant claims cannot be sustained.
exorbitant, extortionate, excessive, high, unreasonable, outrageous, undue, uncalled for, extreme, inordinate, unwarranted, unnecessary, needless, disproportionate, too much
informal sky-high, over the top, OTT, a bit much, fancy-pants
excessive, immoderate, exaggerated, gushing, gushy, unrestrained, unreserved, effusive, fulsome;
outrageous, preposterous, absurd, irrational, reckless, wild
informal steep, over the top, OTT
ornate, elaborate, decorated, embellished, adorned, ornamented, fancy;
over-elaborate, fussy, busy, ostentatious, exaggerated, overstated, showy, baroque, rococo, florid, wedding-cake, gingerbread
informal flash, flashy


Late Middle English (in the sense 'unusual, unsuitable'): from medieval Latin extravagant- 'diverging greatly', from the verb extravagari, from Latin extra- 'outside' + vagari 'wander'.

  • Extravagant came to us from medieval Latin extravagari, from extra- ‘outside’ and vagari ‘to wander’ (the source of vagabond and vagrant, see vague). It first meant ‘unusual, unsuitable’, and ‘diverging greatly’, then ‘excessive or elaborate’, not coming to mean ‘spending or costing a great deal’ until the early 18th century. An extravaganza (mid 18th century) is an elaborate and spectacular entertainment or production. It is basically the same word as mid 17th-century extravagance, but came into English from Italian estravaganza in the 1750s, when it meant ‘extravagance in language or behaviour’.

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Line breaks: ex|trava|gant

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