noun[mass noun] South African
A lingua franca developed and used by the southern African mining companies, composed of frequently corrupted elements of the Nguni languages, English, and Afrikaans.
- I know there's a huge debate around Fanakalo as a language but mineworkers use it.
- Fanakalo is a linguistic manifestation of the polarisation between authority and subservience, consisting entirely of a set of commands and responses.
1940s: from Nguni fana ka lo, from fana 'be like' + the possessive suffix -ka + lo 'this'.
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