Any of a number of trees which are believed to either cause or cure fever, in particular:
- A North American tree used in the treatment of malaria during the civil war (Pinckneya pubens, family Rubiaceae). A southern African tree which was formerly believed to cause malaria (Acacia xanthophloea, family Leguminosae)..
- The ‘fever tree’ was thought to cure malaria.
- Very soon, however, there could be no more Acacia erioloba, no Acacia karroo, no Acacia xanthophloea - otherwise known as camel thorn, sweet thorn and the green-trunked fever tree.
- But their word for bark - the Peruvian is kina - was rendered in Spanish as quina, which came to be associated with the ‘fever tree’.
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