There are 4 definitions of file in English:

file1

Line breaks: file
Pronunciation: /fʌɪl
 
/

noun

1A folder or box for holding loose papers together and in order for easy reference: a file of correspondence
More example sentences
  • And then, today, I came across two large box files stuffed with paper copies of the correspondence, all neatly filed in date order.
  • Preparation of products using recycled items will be the prime focus and the items will include cardboard files, paper cups and bags.
  • The last drawer contained a stack full of files and papers.
Synonyms
1.1A collection of information about a particular person or thing: MI5 were keeping a file on him
More example sentences
  • The ideal for any organisation is that their employees can access all company information, documents or files within seconds - no matter where they are in the world.
  • Confidential files allegedly containing detailed information about his visit were found on a London Street.
  • My information is that the files pertaining to this particular arrest were sitting on the desk of the DPP for some time previously.
Synonyms
dossier, document, record, report, case history, case study; (files)data, information, particulars, case notes, documentation, annals, archives
1.2 Computing A collection of data, programs, etc. stored in a computer’s memory or on a storage device under a single identifying name: you can save the file to your hard disk
More example sentences
  • Users will also need special software to play the files on their desktop computers.
  • Search your computer's files, audio, video, images and emails, and even the Web.
  • Lastly there's a flaw related to the display of the names of downloaded files.
Synonyms
batch of data, document, text; program
2Canadian A number of issues and responsibilities relating to a particular policy area: what progress has the Prime Minister made on the unity file?

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Place (a document) in a cabinet, box, or folder in a particular order: the contract, when signed, is filed figurative he still had the moment filed away in his memory
More example sentences
  • This latest roll call of grand-slam winners is unlikely to be filed away among the classics, all of them celebrating only their first major title.
  • The completed questionnaires were filed in a secure cabinet.
  • His office was neat and tidy, his papers neatly stacked on his desk, or filed away in cabinets.
Synonyms
categorize, classify, organize, put in place, put in order, order, arrange, catalogue, tabulate, index, pigeonhole; put on record, record, enter, store, log, archive
1.1Submit (a legal document, application, or charge) to be placed on record by the appropriate authority: criminal charges were filed against the firm [no object]: the company had filed for bankruptcy
More example sentences
  • No charges were ever filed against the accountant.
  • The applicant filed an application for judicial review, but it was dismissed by consent.
  • In December, charges were filed against the women who testified.
Synonyms
apply, put in, register, sign up, askbring, press, lodge, place, lay, prefer, put forward, present, submit
1.2(Of a reporter) send (a story) to a newspaper or news organization.
More example sentences
  • Newspaper and television reporters filed dozens of stories from the scene of the fire.
  • The intrepid reporters have filed stories from around the world, including Tokyo, Montreal and Alberquerque, New Mexico.
  • See, I've worked in journalism for the last seventy-eight years, ever since the usual way a reporter would file a story was by telegram.

Phrases

on file

In a file or filing system.
More example sentences
  • The reports must be filed monthly with the Supreme Court and be kept on file with the local court's clerk.
  • With regard to evidence, I have been told that you have everything on file and you have the files in front of you.
  • You should make sure the address they have on file is your current address and that any charges on the account were made by you.

Derivatives

filer

noun
More example sentences
  • Assume the same facts as in Example 1, except that the filer filed the annual report on March 31, 2006.
  • Filers should use the resources and education in this section to ensure they meet reporting requirements.
  • Moreover, there's ample evidence that a sizeable percentage of bankruptcy filers engage in quite a lot of strategic behavior in the run-up to bankruptcy.

Origin

late Middle English (as a verb meaning 'string documents on a thread or wire to keep them in order'): from French filer 'to string', fil 'a thread', both from Latin filum 'a thread'. Compare with file2.

More definitions of file

Definition of file in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day punctum
Pronunciation: ˈpʌŋ(k)təm
noun
a small, distinct point

There are 4 definitions of file in English:

file2

Line breaks: file
Pronunciation: /fʌɪl
 
/

noun

1A line of people or things one behind another: files of tourists stream up the narrow lanes of Mont St Michel
More example sentences
  • He walked off to a corridor out of the landing bay with the lead general at his side and the other two in file behind them.
  • They line nine men up in a file, one behind the other.
  • Aside from a few occasions, we rode in file, all strung out, from the start until Pradollano.
Synonyms
line, column, row, string, chain, queue, procession, train, convoy, caravan
British informal crocodile
1.1 Military A small detachment of troops: a file of English soldiers had ridden out from Perth
More example sentences
  • Maneuvering and the use of machine guns in fighting made infantry files pressing along the front inefficient.
  • One soldier in the file was hit by mortar fire a few yards from my tank.
  • Commanders and platoon leaders should lead from the front of attack formation even when in file or column when fighting in urban terrain.
1.2 Chess Each of the eight rows of eight squares on a chessboard running away from the player towards the opponent. Compare with rank1 ( sense 2 of the noun).
More example sentences
  • Instead of just accepting this situation, an experienced player would actively play to create a file for his Rooks.
  • For kings on the same file, this is just an odd number of squares between kings!
  • Black is opening a file on the queenside in order to activate his rook.

verb

[no object, with adverbial of direction] Back to top  
(Of a group of people) walk one behind the other, typically in an orderly and solemn manner: the mourners filed into the church
More example sentences
  • The mostly middle-aged crowd from labour unions and peace groups filed behind a truck with speakers blasting, ‘Power to the People’.
  • He looked over to one of the hallways leading into the dining hall and saw a large group of people filing in through the doors.
  • The group filed out, and one of them slammed the door shut, ‘What did they want with us?’
Synonyms
walk in a line, proceed in a line, march, parade, troop, pass in formation

Origin

late 16th century: from French file, from filer 'to string'.

More definitions of file

Definition of file in:

There are 4 definitions of file in English:

file3

Line breaks: file
Pronunciation: /fʌɪl
 
/

noun

A tool with a roughened surface or surfaces, typically of steel, used for smoothing or shaping a hard material.
More example sentences
  • Sandersons was situated on the Cutlery Road and was involved in the production of tools, saws, files etc.
  • Basic Fitting was a course designed to equip graduates with the skills required to use metals tools, drills, files and the like.
  • The facility is filled with workbenches bearing tool boxes loaded with files, stones, scrapers and reamers.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Smooth or shape with a file: never file your nails from the centre to the sides
More example sentences
  • First, Sharon filed my nails into lovely rounded shapes.
  • Brooks filed each part to shape, marked both locks as ‘London Warranted,’ and finished them with color case hardening.
  • The edges of the bands were filed smooth before they were used and males were banded on the right forearm and females on the left forearm.
Synonyms
smooth, buff, rub, rub down, polish, burnish, furbish; shape, refine; scrape, abrade, rasp, sandpaper
1.1 (file something away/off) Remove something by grinding it off with a file.
More example sentences
  • If caught early enough, the cracks can be filed away before they spread deeper a bit like filing a cracked finger nail before it splits.
  • It's rather creepy how the dead ant-parts are filed off in the spiral staircases and heaped in piles behind the painted barn.
  • Once the worst pitting and damage is filed away, he sands the metal with a coarse sandpaper.

Derivatives

filer

noun
More example sentences
  • The product range includes household knives, chef's knives, multiutility pieces with scissors, nail filers, bottle openers and butler knives.
  • You will also find extra goodies such as nail filers, hair accessories, and brushes there for the best quality at the best bargain.

Origin

Old English fīl, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch vijl and German Feile.

More definitions of file

Definition of file in:

There are 4 definitions of file in English:

filé

Line breaks: filé
Pronunciation: /ˈfiːleɪ
 
/

noun

[mass noun] North American
Pounded or powdered sassafras leaves used to flavour and thicken soup, especially gumbo.
More example sentences
  • Likewise filé powder made from the dried leaves of the sassafras tree would be added during the final stages of cooking to give the gumbo a ‘stringy’ texture.
  • "It's a sin to eat gumbo without filé."
  • Filé has since become a signature flavor in Cajun cooking, adding authentic Louisiana character to mouth-watering gumbos and your own favorite dishes.

Origin

mid 19th century: from French, past participle of filer 'to twist'.

More definitions of file

Definition of filé in: