Share this entry
firman Line breaks: fir¦man
Pronunciation: /ˈfəːmən/
(also farman)

Definition of firman in English:

noun (plural firmans or farmans)

1An oriental sovereign’s edict.
Example sentences
  • Those days, through a shahi firman (royal edict) certain persons were appointed to perform some specific tasks.
  • The Tarikh-Ilahi became the official calendar, and the decrees of the ruling Moghal emperor of India (the farmans) henceforth carried both the synthetic Tarikh and the Muslim Hijri date, and occasionally only the Tarikh.
  • He agrees that Elgin exceeded the terms of his firman, but points out that there were two additional firmans from the Sultan sanctioning the export of the marbles.
2A grant or permit.
Example sentences
  • Hunt's acquisitive instincts far surpassed anything the Sublime Porte had in mind when it granted the firman.
  • Jahangir might initially grant a farman or permission, only to contradict it with an oral statement later.
  • Having obtained the historic firman from Emperor Shah Alam, Clive returned to Calcutta to do what he promised his wife.


Early 17th century: from Persian firmān, Sanskrit pramāṇa 'right measure, standard, authority'.

Words that rhyme with firman

Burman, German, Herman, sermon, Sherman
Definition of firman in:
Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources