A supposed ultimate cause of all events, which does not itself have a cause, identified with God.
- As an alternative, deism posited an impersonal First Cause whose rationality is reflected in physical laws and human intellect, and lauded the exercise of virtue and reason as the truest form of worship.
- In Suarez's view, God was the same kind of being his creatures are, only infinite rather than finite in scale; the First Cause was the same kind of cause as a worldly cause, only first.
- Subsequently, those who sought to use Aristotle's philosophical scheme for theological purposes usually added an additional First Cause to the four Aristotelian Causes.
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