(In Ireland) a mercenary or member of a special class of soldiers in the service of a chieftain.
- Like early gallowglasses, they were supporting Mael Sechnaill, king of Tara, against the Scandinavians of Dublin and his Irish rivals.
- Composition involved, in Gaelic parts, the commutation of the chief's right to take up supplies for his household and quarter his kerne and galloglass on his subjects for defence.
- Dermot O'Conor Don, a valiant man, had, with a body of 1,500 kerns and gallowglasses, entered his service.
Late 15th century: from Irish gallóglach, from gall 'foreigner' and óglach 'youth, servant, warrior'.
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