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gamete

Line breaks: gam¦ete
Pronunciation: /ˈɡamiːt
 
/

Definition of gamete in English:

noun

Biology
A mature haploid male or female germ cell which is able to unite with another of the opposite sex in sexual reproduction to form a zygote.
Example sentences
  • Meiosis is the process by which diploid organisms produce haploid gametes capable of sexual reproduction.
  • Zygotic embryogenesis in animals and plants starts with the fusion of the haploid female and male gametes, giving rise to a diploid zygote.
  • Once within the gonads, the germ cells differentiate as either male or female gametes.

Origin

late 19th century: from modern Latin gameta, from Greek gametē 'wife', gametēs 'husband', from gamos 'marriage'.

Derivatives

gametic

1
Pronunciation: /ɡəˈmɛtɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • These observations demonstrate that a mechanism contributed by the cytoplasm of the wild-type gametic cell recognizes abnormal-length flagella and restores length control.
  • Several gametic and zygotic reproductive barriers were found in a cross between Japonica and Indica rice varieties.
  • Simultaneous analysis of the haploid megagametophyte and diploid embryo in a seed allows the female and male gametic contributions to the zygote to be separated.

Definition of gamete in:

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Word of the day orthoepy
Pronunciation: ˈɔːθəʊɛpi
noun
the correct or accepted pronunciation of words