Definition of genome in English:

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genome

Pronunciation: /ˈdʒiːnəʊm/

noun

[mass noun] Biology
1The haploid set of chromosomes in a gamete or microorganism, or in each cell of a multicellular organism.
Example sentences
  • The two haploid genomes of the two gametes are then combined to constitute a new individual.
  • No suppressor mutations were isolated from a screen of 104,000 haploid genomes.
  • The gymnosperms are characterized by large genomes and relatively low chromosome numbers; polyploidy is rare.
1.1The complete set of genes or genetic material present in a cell or organism.
Example sentences
  • The process is repeated using every gene within every genome as the starting gene.
  • There are four types of changes that may affect the order of the genes on the bacterial genome.
  • This number can be compared with the 40,000 genes thought to be present in the human genome.

Origin

1930s: blend of gene and chromosome.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: gen¦ome

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