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genotype

Line breaks: geno|type
Pronunciation: /ˈdʒɛnətʌɪp
 
, ˈdʒiːn-/
Biology

Definition of genotype in English:

noun

The genetic constitution of an individual organism. Often contrasted with phenotype.
Example sentences
  • What evidence to you have that the genotype of such organisms has not evolved?
  • Phenotypic plasticity enables individuals or genotypes to assume obviously different phenotypes during the life cycle.
  • To determine the haplotypes of an individual, the genotypes of both parents may be required.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
Investigate the genotype of.
Example sentences
  • Eighteen microsatellites were genotyped in order to investigate which population of the adjacent countries was the possible source.
  • All other plants from crosses involving a resistant mutant line were genotyped.
  • Many rams have already been genotyped for their ability to pass on resistance to scrapie.

Origin

early 20th century: from German Genotypus, from Greek genos 'race, offspring' + -tupos 'type'.

Derivatives

genotypic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈtɪpɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Elite athletes fine-tune these variables so minute genotypic differences can be decisive.
  • Specific genotypic mutations in the protease gene can result in high levels of phenotype resistance to individual protease inhibitors and cross resistance.
  • We also investigate the allelic and genotypic diversities maintained under different rates of clonal reproduction.

Definition of genotype in:

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