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genus

Line breaks: genus
Pronunciation: /ˈdʒiːnəs
 
, ˈdʒɛnəs
 
/

Definition of genus in English:

noun (plural genera /ˈdʒɛn(ə)rə/)

Biology
1A principal taxonomic category that ranks above species and below family, and is denoted by a capitalized Latin name, e.g. Leo.
Example sentences
  • The identification of two named genera in a single organism presents a taxonomic dilemma.
  • The cephalochordates include only about twenty species of two genera of organisms commonly called amphioxus.
  • Both the genus and species name of this aggressive flycatcher are from the Latin word for tyrant.
Synonyms
group, subdivision, subfamily
1.1(In philosophical and general use) a class of things which have common characteristics and which can be divided into subordinate kinds.
Example sentences
  • The subject genus of physics, for example, is the class of cases in which bodies change their locations in space.
  • Aristotle also points out that sometimes the hypothesis of the genus is omitted as too obvious.
  • The main genera of relativism can be distinguished according to the object they seek to relativize.
Synonyms
species, breed, brand, make, model, family, stamp, cast, ilk, kidney;
division, subdivision, section, department, compartment

Origin

mid 16th century: from Latin, 'birth, race, stock'.

Definition of genus in:

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