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geostrophic

Line breaks: geo|stroph¦ic
Pronunciation: /ˌdʒiːə(ʊ)ˈstrɒfɪk
 
, -ˈstrəʊf-/

Definition of geostrophic in English:

adjective

Meteorology & Oceanography
Relating to or denoting the component of a wind or current that arises from a balance between pressure gradients and coriolis forces.
Example sentences
  • If a geostrophic wind, with pressure gradient force balanced by the Coriolis force, were to encounter a rough surface, the wind speed would decrease.
  • In addition to these local variables, a regional indicator of geostrophic wind, calculated from daily air pressure measurements at three stations in northwestern Germany, was used.
  • Particle-related density gradients were responsible for roughly one-third of the geostrophic velocity shear at the plume edge.

Origin

early 20th century: from geo- 'of the earth' + Greek strophē 'a turning' (from strephein 'to turn').

Definition of geostrophic in:

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