Definition of geostrophic in English:

Share this entry

geostrophic

Pronunciation: /ˌdʒiːə(ʊ)ˈstrɒfɪk/
/ˌdʒiːə(ʊ)ˈstrəʊfɪk/

adjective

Meteorology & Oceanography
Relating to or denoting the component of a wind or current that arises from a balance between pressure gradients and coriolis forces.
Example sentences
  • If a geostrophic wind, with pressure gradient force balanced by the Coriolis force, were to encounter a rough surface, the wind speed would decrease.
  • In addition to these local variables, a regional indicator of geostrophic wind, calculated from daily air pressure measurements at three stations in northwestern Germany, was used.
  • Particle-related density gradients were responsible for roughly one-third of the geostrophic velocity shear at the plume edge.

Origin

Early 20th century: from geo- 'of the earth' + Greek strophē 'a turning' (from strephein 'to turn').

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: geo|stroph¦ic

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.