Definition of glomerulus in English:


Line breaks: glom¦eru¦lus
Pronunciation: /glɒˈmɛr(j)ʊləs

noun (plural glomeruli /-lʌɪ, -liː/)

Anatomy & Biology
  • A cluster of nerve endings, spores, or small blood vessels, especially a cluster of capillaries around the end of a kidney tubule.
    More example sentences
    • In the kidney, the glomeruli show thickened capillary walls and endothelial swelling.
    • The neoplastic cells surrounded glomeruli and invaded renal tubules forming lymphoepithelial lesions.
    • Fairly well differentiated renal tissue with embryonic glomeruli and tubules.



More example sentences
  • By light microscopy, glomeruli showed glomerular basement membrane thickening.
  • This force drives plasma from the glomerular capillaries into the nephrons.
  • Jones silver stains highlighted the basement membrane spikes in some, but not all, glomerular capillaries.


mid 19th century: modern Latin, diminutive of Latin glomus, glomer- 'ball of thread'.

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