- Class Graptolithina, phylum Hemichordata
- The Ordovician is best known for the presence of its diverse marine invertebrates, including graptolites, trilobites, brachiopods, and the conodonts (early vertebrates).
- Other marine fossils commonly found throughout the Silurian record include trilobites, graptolites, conodonts, corals, stromatoporoids, and mollusks.
- To return to our example, the usual biostratigraphic markers in Middle Paleozoic stratigraphy are graptolites, conodont ‘jaw’ parts, and thelodont scales.
Mid 19th century: from Greek graptos 'marked with letters' + -lite: so named because of the impressions left on hard shales, resembling markings with a slate pencil.
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