There are 2 definitions of grate in English:

grate1

Line breaks: grate
Pronunciation: /greɪt
 
/

verb

  • 1 [with object] Reduce (food) to small shreds by rubbing it on a grater: (as adjective grated) grated cheese
    More example sentences
    • I spent the evening cooking the meat, heating the refried beans, grating cheese, shredding lettuce, chopping vegetables and frying the tortillas.
    • Depending on age and skill level, many children can grate cheese, shred lettuce, mix batter, and more.
    • Place all dried fruits, grated apple, mixed peel, cherries, rinds and juices into a large mixing bowl and pour over the brandy/rum and essences.
    Synonyms
    shred, rub into pieces, pulverize, mince, grind, granulate, crush, crumble, mash, smash, fragment, macerate
    technical triturate
  • 2 [no object] Make an unpleasant rasping sound: the hinges of the door grated
    More example sentences
    • The sound of stone grating on stone echoed in her ears as two more openings appeared on the wall she was running toward, and sand started pouring out of them.
    • Jake chuckled, it sounded like nails grating on a chalk board as he hopped up onto the stained mattress above Asia's head.
    • As the sound grated through my fluffy pillows, I sighed heavily, and debated whether I should bother getting up for school.
    Synonyms
    rasp, scrape, jar, scratch, grind, rub, drag, grit; squeak, screech, creak
  • 2.1 [with direct speech] Say something in a harsh tone: ‘How dare you!’ he grated
    More example sentences
    • "Okay, fine," he grated out. "I'll play your damned game and then you let me leave. Agreed?"
    • 'I can't have,' he grated in a terrible rage, 'I've got £93000 in my current account."
    • "Listen to me, baby," he grated out, capturing her chin.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French grater, of Germanic origin; related to German kratzen 'to scratch'.

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Word of the day astrogation
Pronunciation: ˌastrə(ʊ)ˈgeɪʃ(ə)n
noun
(in science fiction) navigation in outer space

There are 2 definitions of grate in English:

grate2

Line breaks: grate
Pronunciation: /greɪt
 
/

noun

  • 1The recess of a fireplace or furnace: a small coal fire burned in the grate
    More example sentences
    • We were met by Bob's wife and welcomed as though we had got there on time. There was a lovely coal fire burning in the grate, which had been kept ‘banked up’ all day pending our arrival.
    • When everyone seemed to be looking the other way, Mr Wright slipped into another room and took off his outfit, and then he quietly returned to the fireside where only a very small fire burned in the grate and sat down.
    • Some people may opt for electric or gas heaters, instant warmth, but nothing beats the smell and atmosphere of logs burning in the grate, on the barbeque or on a camp fire somewhere.
  • 1.1A metal frame for holding fuel in a fireplace or furnace.
    More example sentences
    • Some had fireplaces with grates, others stoves and some a combination stove and oven.
    • Anthony then sees the grate of the fireplace wide open, and fire burning strongly.
    • She pointed out, glancing over at its flames, burning on the grate.
  • 2A grating.
    More example sentences
    • He progressed gingerly towards the gauze grate in the grimy iron girdered floor and was careful not to get too close as he peered into the gloom below.
    • The windows to the building are covered with mesh grates, the doors locked.
    • Half-way through rolling it, something peculiar revealed itself: a metal grate in the floor.

Origin

Middle English (meaning 'a grating'): from Old French, based on Latin cratis 'hurdle'.

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